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  Chapter 20 - Family Relations


  Vocabulary


     媽媽
   爸爸
   男孩子
   女孩子
   哥哥
   弟弟
   姐姐
   妹妹
   祖父
   祖母
   外公
   外婆
   表哥

   表姐

   堂哥

   堂姐

   岳父
   岳母
   伯父
   伯母

   叔父

   嬸母

   舅父
   舅母

   姨媽
   姨父

   叔叔
   嬸嬸
   朋友
māma
bàba
nánháizi
nǔháizi
gēge
dìdi
jǐejie
mèimei
zǔfù
zǔmǔ
wàigōng
wàipó
bǐaogē

bǐaojǐe

tánggē

tángjǐe

yuèfù
yuèmǔ
bófù
bómǔ

shūfù

shěnmǔ

jìufù
jìumǔ

yímā
yífù

shūshu
shěnshen
péngyou
mother
father
son, boy
daughter, girl
older brother
younger brother
older sister
younger sister
grandfather (pa.)
grandmother (pa.)
grandfather (ma.)
grandmother (ma.)
older male cousin (ma.)
older fem. cousin (ma.)
older male cousin (pa.)
older fem. cousin (pa.)
father-in-law
mother-in-law
father's older brother
father's older brother's wife
father's younger brother
father's younger brother's wife
mother's brother
mother's brother's wife
mother's sister
mother's sister's husband
uncle (general)
aunt (general)
friend

 Look at the Characters



nán

man, male
woman, girl

New Combinations

男人
男女
男孩
男學生
男朋友
男裝
長男

女人
女孩
女車
女老師
女工
女王
女朋友
(male + child)
(male + female)
(male + person)
(male + friend)
(male + clothing)
(elder + male)
(male + student)

(female + person)
(female + child)
(female + vehicle)
(female + teacher)
(female + worker)
(female + king)
(female + friend)
boy
men and women
man, men
boyfriend
men's clothing
oldest son
boy student

woman, women
girl
woman's bicycle
woman teacher
woman worker
queen
girlfriend
nánhái
nánnǚ
nánrén
nánpéngyou
nánzhuāng
zhǎngnán
nánxuésheng

nǚrén
nǚhái
nǚchē
nǚlǎoshī
nǚgōng
nǚwáng
nǚpéngyou


Look at the Language

Family Reunion

The variety and careful denomination of one's relatives, in Chinese, is almost an art form. Here, for example, are sixteen ways to refer to your cousin:


堂兄
堂弟
舅表兄
舅表弟
姑表兄
姑表弟
姨表兄
姨表弟

堂姐
堂妹
舅表姐
舅表妹
姑表姐
姑表妹
姨表姐
姨表妹
tángxīong
tángdì
jìubǐaoxīong
jìubǐaodì
gūbǐaoxīong
gūbǐaodì
yíbǐaoxīong
yíbǐaodì

tángjǐe
tángmèi
jìubǐaojǐe
jìubǐaomèi
gūbǐaojǐe
gūbǐaomèi
yíbǐaojǐe
yíbǐaomèi
older son of one's father's brother
younger son of one's father's brother
older son of one's mother's brother
younger son of one's mother's brother
older son of one's father's sister
younger son of one's father's sister
older son of one's mother's sister
younger son of one's mother's sister

older daughter of one's father's brother
younger daughter of one's father's brother
older daughter of one's mother's brother
younger daughter of one's mother's brother
older daughter of one's father's sister
younger daughter of one's father's sister
older daughter of one's mother's sister
younger daughter of one's mother's sister