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  Chapter 19 - Shopping II


  Vocabulary


     餐館
   商店
   食品
   市場
   市場店
   花店
   菜館
   面包店
   洗衣店
   乾洗店
   薬店
   理發店
   美容員
   鞋店
   公司
   商人
   店員
   女店員
   顧客
cānguǎn
shāngdìan
shípǐn
shìchǎng
níunǎidìan
huādìan
càiguǎn
mìanbāodìan
xǐyīdìan
gānxǐdìan
yàodìan
lǐfàdìan
měiróngyuàn
xíedìan
gōngsī
shāngrén
dìanyuán
nǚdìanyuán
gùkè
restaurant
store
grocery
market
dairy
flowershop
restaurant
bakery
laundry
dry cleaner's
pharmacy
barbershop
beauty parlor
shoestore
company
businessman
clerk
saleswoman
customer

 Look at the Characters




xíe

yào
shoes
hair
medicine








New Combinations

鞋帶
鞋底
鞋粉
鞋刷
鞋油

髮夾
髮卡
發刷
發網
髮型
發油

火藥
藥草
藥房
藥水
藥膏
藥箱
藥農
藥瓶
藥粉
(shoe + belt)
(shoe + bottom)
(shoe + powder)
(shoe + brush)
(shoe + oil)

(hair + clip)
(hair + fastener)
(hair + brush)
(hair + net)
(hair + pattern)
(hair + oil)

(fire + medicine)
(medicine + grass)
(medicine + house)
(medicine + water)
(medicine + lard)
(medicine + box)
(medicine + farmer)
(medicine + bottle)
(medicine + powder)
shoestring
sole (of a shoe)
shoe powder
shoe brush
shoe polish

bobby pin
hairpin
hairbrush
hairnet
hairdo
hair oil

gunpowder
medicinal herbs
drugstore, pharmacy
lotion
ointment
first-aid kit
herbalist
medicine bottle
medicinal powder
xíedài
xíedǐ
xíefěn
xíeshuā
xíeyóu

fàjīa
fàqǐa
fàshuā
fàwǎng
fàxíng
fàyóu

huǒyào
yàocǎo
yàofáng
yàoshuǐ
yàogāo
yàoxīang
yàonóng
yàopíng
yàofěn


Look at the Language

Demonstrative Pronouns

A demonstrative pronoun is a pronoun that "points out".


This is a good book.
That is a bad book.
this - demonstrative pronoun
that - demonstrative pronoun

In Chinese:





甚麼
zhè, zhèi
nà, nèi
nǎ, něi
shénme
this
that
which
what

When the demonstrative is combined with a measure word, it is pronounced differently, zhei instead of zhe, nei for na, etc.


這本書好.
那本書不好.
哪本書好?

這是甚麼?
這是甚麼東西?
那是甚麼?
那是甚麼東西?
Zhèiběn shū hǎo.
Nèiběn shū bùhǎo.
Něiběn shū hǎo?

Zhè shì shénme?
Zhè shì shénme dōngxi?
Nà shì shénme?
Nà shì shénme dōngxi?
This book is good.
That book is not good.
Which book is good?

What is this?
What is this (thing)?
What is that?
What is that (thing)?

我喜歡這雙靴子.


我喜歡那雙靴子.


你喜歡哪雙靴子嗎?


甚麼靴子?

Wǒ xǐhuan zhèishuāng xuēzi.
I like these (this pair of) boots.

Wǒ xǐhuan nèishuāng xuēzi.
I like those (that pair of) boots.

Nǐ xīhuan nèishuāng xuēzi ma?
Which pair of boots do you like?

Shénme xuēzi?
Which boots?