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  Chapter 13 - At the Mall


  Vocabulary


     商店
   書店
   肉店
   糖果店
   食品店
   雑貨店
   飯館
   飯店
   玩具店
   銀行
   菜店
   茶館
   超級市場
   百貨公司
   旅館
   公司
   商人
   店員
   女店員
   顧客
shāngdìan
shūdìan
ròudìan
tángquǒdìan
shípǐndìan
záhuòdìan
fànguǎn
fàndìan
wánjùdìan
yínháng
càidìan
cháguǎn
cháojíshìchǎng
bǎihuògōngsī
lǚguǎn
gōngsī
shāngrén
dìanyuán
nǚdìanyuán
gùkè
store
bookstore
butcher shop
candy store
market
drugstore
restaurant
restaurant
toy store
bank
vegetable market
teahouse
supermarket
department store
hotel
business
businessman
clerk
saleswoman
customer

 Look at the Characters




yín
měi

silver
beautiful
wash







New Combinations

美術
美名
美工
美學
美好
美酒
美人

銀杯
銀幣
銀圓
銀錢
銀髮
銀色

洗頭
洗髮劑
洗片
洗衣服
洗刷
(beautiful + art)
(beautiful + name)
(beautiful + worker)
(beautiful + study)
(beautiful + good)
(beautiful + wine)
(beautiful + person)

(silver + cup)
(silver + money)
(silver + dollar)
(silver + money)
(silver + hair)
(silver + color)

(wash + head)
(wash + hair + dosage)
(wash + slice)
(wash + clothes)
(wash + brush)
fine arts
good reputation
art designer
aesthetics
happy, fine
good wine
beautiful woman

silver cup
silver coin
silver dollar
money
silver hair
silver-colored

wash hair, shampoo
shampoo
develop a film
wash clothes
wash away
měishù
měimíng
měigōng
měixué
měihǎo
měijǐu
měirén

yínbēi
yínbì
yínyuán
yínqían
yínfà
yínsè

xǐ tóu
xǐfàjì
xǐ pìan
xǐ yīfu
xǐshuā


Look at the Language


1. Buying & Selling


The verbs for "sell" and "buy" are similar:




買賣
買賣人

你賣書嗎?
有沒有書?
你賣蘋果嗎?
有沒有蘋果?


我要買書.
我要買蘋果.
mǎi
mài
mǎimài
mǎimàrén

Nǐ mài shū ma?
Yǒuméiyǒu shū?
Nǐ mài píngguǒ ma? Yǒuméiyǒu píngguǒ?

yào
Wǒ yào mǎi shū.
Wǒ yào mǎi píngguǒ.
buy
sell
buying & selling, business merchant, trader

Do you sell books?
Do you have books?
Do you sell apples?
Do you have apples?

want
I want to buy a book.
I want to buy apples.

Other useful shopping phrases:


有沒有...
有沒有地圖?
有沒有襯衫?

我要....
我想要...
我要那個...
我要買...

我要看...
我先看看.
Yǒu méiyǒu…
Yǒu méiyǒu dìtú?
Yǒu méiyǒu chènshān?

Wǒ yào...
Wǒ xǐang yào...
Wǒ yào nèige...
Wǒ yào mǎi...

Wǒ yào kàn...
Wǒ xīan kànkan.
Do you have (any)...
Do you have a map?
Do you have a shirt?

I want...
I'd like...
I want that one...
I want to buy...

I want to look at...
I'm just looking.

To ask how much an item is, say


多少?
多少錢?
Duōshao?
Duōshao qían?
How much?
How much money?

這本書多少錢?


那個蘋果多少錢?

Zhèiběn shū duōshao qían?
  How much is this book?

Nèige píngguǒ duōshao qían?
  How much is this apple?

The price is given largest units first:


一塊錢
兩塊錢
一毛錢
三毛錢

三分
五分

兩塊, 三毛, 五分
三塊, 六毛, 四分
五十塊錢
五十二塊錢

yīkàui qían
lǐangkuài qían
yīmáo qían
sānmáo qían

sānfēn
wǔfēn

lǐangkuài, sānmáo, wǔfēn
sānkuài, lìumáo, sìfēn
wǔshì kuài qían
wǔshíèr kuài qían
one dollar
two dollars
ten cents (one dime)
thirty cents (three dimes)

three cents
five cents

$2.35
$3.64
$50.00
$52.00

Don't forget a smile and the most important part of a business transaction:


謝謝
再見
Xìe xie.
Zàijìan.
Thank you.
Goodbye.