Chapter 11 - China & Geography
ZhōngguóHánguóRìběnWànlǐ ChángchéngXīnjīangGuìzhōuBěijīngNánjīngDōngjīngHuáng HéHénánHéběiSìchuānHúběiHúnánGuǎngxīGuǎngdōngShāndōngShānxīXījīangYúnnánChángjīangDōngháiNánhǎiTáiwānTáiběiDōngběiHēilóngjīangXīanggǎngShànghǎi
ChinaKoreaJapanGreat Wall of ChinaNew RegionGuizhouNorth CapitalSouth CapitalTokyoYellow RiverRiver SouthRiver NorthFour RiversLake NorthLake SouthWest of GuangEast of GuangEast of MountainsWest of MountainsWest RiverSouth of the CloudsYangtze RiverEast China SeaSouth China SeaTerrace BayNorth TaiwanManchuriaBlack Dragon RiverHong KongUpper Sea
Look at the Characters
ocean, foreignhill, mountainriversea
Look at the Characters
Look at the Language
Here are some words to describe locations in and around China. Remember that literal translations of geographical place names can often make sense!
Sichuan and Hunan, as well as being provinces of China, refer to two styles of cooking. Sichuan is often spelled "Szechuan" or "Szechwan".
Nearly all of the provinces and regions have descriptive or colorful names:
The four points of the compass
are found in many Chinese place names
and help to tell someone where the place is:
Some location examples:
Add ren to the place-name to describe the native:
There are plenty of mountains in China. Here are some examples of how to translate position and direction, using the mountain for illustration:
Related geographical words:
Beijing has been the capital of China more or less continuously for the past 700 years. In ancient times it was significant as a trading center; situated strategically inside the Great Wall, the city was at the crossroads of trade flowing between China and areas to the north.
Later on it became the home of the Imperial court and the administrative center of the country.
In 1928 Chiang-Kai-Shek's government established the capital in Nanjing ('Southern Capital'), called 'Nanking' by cartographers. During this period the former capital, Beijing, was renamed as Beiping ('Northern Peace'), but translated as 'Peiping' by mapmakers. The capital stayed in Nanjing until 1949, when it returned to Beijing.
On earlier maps, one may see the capital "Beijing" spelled as "Peking" or "Peiping."
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