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  Chapter 10 - Rooms & Furniture


  Vocabulary


     廚房
   車房
   客房
   地下室
   客廳
   飯廳
   臥房
   洗澡間
   短樓梯
   樓上
   樓下
   浴室
   上海
   地板
   冰箱
   床
   枕頭
   壁
   天花板
   屋頂
   地毯
   淋浴
   浴盆
   洗衣機
   冷氣機
   乾燥器
chúfáng
chēfáng
kèfáng
dìxìashì
kètīng
fàntīng
wòfáng
xǐzǎojīan
duǎnlóutì
lóushàng
lóuxìa
yùshì
yīchú
dìbǎn
bīngxīang
chuáng
zhěntou

tīanhuābǎn
wūdǐng
dìtǎn
línyù
yùpén
xǐyījī
lěngqìjī
gānzàoqì
kitchen
garage
guest room
basement
living room
dining room
bedroom
bathroom
stairs
upstairs
downstairs
bathroom
closet
floor
refrigerator
bed
pillow
wall
ceiling
roof
rug
shower
bathtub
washing machine
air conditioner
dryer

 Look at the Characters




chē
shàng
xìa
vehicle, cart
up, above
down, below

New Combinations

花車
車票
馬車
牛車
車房

上等
上班
上水
上床
上車

下等
下班
下水
下床
下車
(flowers + vehicle)
(vehicle + ticket)
(horse + vehicle)
(ox + vehicle)
(vehicle + house)

(above + rank)
(above + shift)
(above + water)
(above + bed)
(up + vehicle)

(below + rank)
(below + duty)
(below + water)
(below + bed)
(down + vehicle)
float, flowered vehicle
bus or train ticket
horse-drawn carriage
ox cart
garage

first-class
go to work
upstream
go to bed
get on a car or bus

low grade
go off duty
downstream
get up, get out of bed
get off a car or bus
huāchē
chēpìao
mǎchē
níuchē
chēfáng

shàngděng
shàng bān
shàngshuǐ
shàngchuáng
shàngchē

xìaděng
xìa bān
xìashuǐ
xìachuáng
xìachē


Look at the Language

1. Negation


The word bu used before a verb or adverb, negates it:


我喝茶.
我不喝茶.

她高.
她不高.
Wǒ hē chá.
Wǒ bùhē chá.

Tā gāo.
Tā bùgāo.
I drink tea.
I don't drink tea.

She is tall.
She is not tall.

To say don't, use buyao:


不要喝茶!
不要看電視!
不要!
Bùyào hē chá!
Bùyào kàn dìanshì!
Bùyào!
Don't drink tea!
Don't watch television!
Don't!

Bu is generally used to negate a statement, with an important exception. If the verb is you (to have, possess), use mei:


我有蛋糕.
我沒有蛋糕.

他有水.
他沒有水.

我有錢.
我沒有錢.
Wǒ yǒu dàngāo.
Wǒ méiyǒu.dàngāo.

Ta yǒu shuǐ.
Tā méiyǒu shuǐ.

Wǒ yǒu qían.
Wǒ méiyǒu qían.
I have cake.
I don't have cake.

He has water.
He has no water.

I have money.
I have no money.