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  Chapter 8 - Transportation


  Vocabulary


     汽車
   公共汽車
   公共汽車站
   貨車
   腳踏車
   三輪車
   機動腳踏車
   火車
   船
   渡船
   渡船工人
   碼頭
   飛機
   飛機場
   站
   出租汽車
   行李
   票
   飛機票
   旅行者
   旅游者
   旅行社
   街
   道
   人行道
   座位
   慢車
   快車
   特快車
qìchē
gōnggòng qìchē
gōnggòng qìchē zhàn
huòchē
jǐaotàchē
sānlúnchē
jīdòng jǐaotàchē

huǒchē
chuán
dùchuán
dùchuán gōngrén
mǎtou
feījī
fējīchǎng
zhàn
chūzū gìchē
xíngli
pìao
feījī pìao
lǚxingzhě
lǚyóuzhě
lǚxíngshè
jīe
dào
rénxíng dào
zuòwei
mànchē
kuàichē
tèkuàichē
car
bus
bus stop

truck
bicycle
pedicab
motorcycle

train
boat
ferry boat
ferry boatman
wharf
airplane
airport
station
taxi
luggage
ticket
plane ticket
traveler
tourist
travel agency
street
boulevard
sidewalk
seat
slow (train)
medium-fast (train)
fast (train)

 Look at the Characters








fēi

chuán
huǒ
xíng

dào
fly
gas, air
boat
fire
go, walk
travel
road, way, path

New Combinations

火油
火光
火花
火氣
火山
火星

飛船
飛魚
飛快
飛舞
飛行

上船
下船
船工
船票
船長
船員

行星
行旅
行事
旅行
行船

機車
機油
機動
機動車
機工
機子

旅客
旅店
旅館
旅行社
旅行汽車

地道
道口
道理
道教
道路
(fire + oil)
(fire + light)
(fire + flower)
(fire + air)
(fire + mountain)
(fire + planet)

(fly + ship)
(fly + fish)
(fly + fast)
(fly + dance)
(fly + travel)

(up + boat)
(down + boat)
(boat + work)
(boat + ticket)
(boat + chief)
(boat + personnel)

(go + star)
(go + travel)
(go + affair)
(travel + go)
(go + boat)

(engine + vehicle)
(engine + oil)
(engine + move)
(motorized + vehicle)
(motor + worker)
(motor + diminutive)

(travel + visitor)
(travel + store)
(travel + place)
(travel + office)
(journey + car)

(earth + path)
(road + mouth)
(road + logic)
(road + teach)
(road + path)
kerosene
flames
sparks
temper
volcano
Mars

airship, blimp
flying fish
very fast
flutter
flight

board a ship
disembark
boatman
steamer ticket
ship's captain
crew

planet
traveler
act, handle affairs
journey
navigate

locomotive
motor oil, lubricant
motorized
motor vehicle
mechanic
small machine

traveler
inn
hotel
travel agency
station wagon

tunnel
junction
principle, truth
Taoism
road, way
huǒyóu
huǒguāng
huǒhuā
huǒqì
huǒshān
Huǒxīng

fēichuán
fēiyú
fēikuài
fēiwǔ
fēixíng

shàngchuán
xìachuán
chuángōng
chuánpìao
chuánzhǎnq
chuányuán

xíngxīng
xínglǚ
xíngshì
lǚxíng
xíngchuán

jīchē
jīyóu
jīdòng
jīdònqchē
jīgōng
jīzi

lǚke
lǚdìan
lǚguǎn
lǚxíngshè
lǚxíng qìchē

dìdào
dàokǒu
dàoli
Dàojīao
dàolù


Look at the Language


1. Verbs of Direction


When traveling, you may have a seat on public transportation,



坐飛機
坐飛機旅行

坐公共汽車
坐公共汽車旅行

坐電車
坐電車旅行
zuò
zuò fēijī
zuò fēijī lǔxíng

zuò gōnggòng qìchē
zuò gōnggòng qìchē lǔxíng

zuò dìanchē
zuò dìanchē lǔxíng.
sit
ride (sit on) the airplane
travel by airplane

ride the bus
travel by bus

ride on the streetcar
go by streetcar

or you may travel on something that you sit on, or straddle:



騎腳踏車
騎馬

qí jǐaotàchē
qí mǎ
sit on, straddle
ride a bicycle
ride a horse

You don't have to let someone else do the driving:



行人
行車
行船


開汽車
開貨車
xíng
xíngrén
xíngchē
xíngchuán

kāi
kāi qìchē
kāi huòchē
walk
pedestrian
drive a vehicle
sail a boat

drive
drive a car
drive a truck

Before you go anywhere, you should purchase a ticket,



車票
火車票
船票
票子
旅行支票
飛機票
公共汽車票
單程票
來回票

pìao
chēpìao
huǒchēpìao
chuánpìao
pìaozi
lǔxíng zhīpìao
fēijīpìao
gōnggòngqìchē pìao
dānchéng pìao
láihuí pìao
ticket
ticket (bus)
train ticket
steamer ticket
bank note, bill
traveler's checks
airplane ticket
bus ticket
one-way ticket
roundtrip ticket

get to the station,



火車站
公共汽車站
zhàn
huǒchē zhàn
gōnggòngqìchē zhàn
station
train station
bus station, bus stop

get aboard in time,


上車
下車
上火車
下火車
上船
下船
shàng chē
xìa chē
shàng huǒchē
xìa huǒchē
shàng chuán
xìa chuán
board (get on) the bus
step off the bus
get on board (train)
disembark (train)
board (boat)
disembark (boat)

know whether you're coming or going,





你的朋友來嗎?
我的哥哥來.

你的朋友去嗎?
我的姐姐去.
lái


Nǐde péngyou lái ma?
Wǒde gēge lái.

Nǐde péngyou qù ma?
Wǒde jǐejie qù.
come (movement towards the speaker)
come (movement towards the speaker)

Is your friend coming?
My brother is coming.

Is your friend going?
My sister is going.

and from or to where you're coming or going:





我到上海去
我從上海去

他到紐約來
他從紐約來

她到飛機場去
她從飛機場去

我們到火車站來
我們從火車站來
cóng
dào

Wǒ dào Shànghǎi qù.
Wǒ cóng Shànghǎi qù.

Tā dào Nǐu Yuē lái.
Tā cóng Nǐu Yuē lái.

Tā dào fēijīchǎng qù.
Tā cóng fēijīchǎng qù.

Wǒmen dào huǒchēzhàn lái.
Wǒmen cóng huǒchēzhàn lái.
from
to

I am going to Shanghai.
I am going from Shanghai.

He is coming to New York.
He is coming from New York.

She is going to the airport.
She is going from the airport.

We are coming to the train station.
We are coming from the train station.

When one or more verbs of direction are used in a sentence, they generally follow this pattern:

T M P P 來 (去)

T
zuò M cóng P dào P lái (qù)

TOPIC by MEANS from PLACE to PLACE come (go).

我從美國到中國去.


我從中國到美國去.


我從美國到中國來.


我從中國到美國來.


我坐船從美國到中國去.


我坐飛機從中國到美國去.


我坐船從美國到中國來.


我坐飛機從中國到美國來.


我到火車站去.


我坐出租汽車從火車站來.


我坐公共汽車到飛機場去.


我坐船到北京來.

Wǒ cóng Měiguó dào Zhōngguō qù.
    I am going to China from America.

Wǒ cóng Zhōngguó dào Měiguó qù.
    I am going to America from China.

Wǒ cóng Měiguó dào Zhōngguó lái.
    I am coming from America from China.

Wǒ cóng Zhōngguó dào Měiguó lái.
    I am coming from China from America.

Wǒ zuò chuán cóng Měiguó dào Zhōngguó qù.
    I am going to China from America by boat.

Wǒ zuò fēijī cóng Zhōngguó dào Měiguó qù.
    I am going to America from China by airpane.

Wǒ zuò fēijī cóng Zhōngguó dào Měiguó lái.
    I am coming from America from China

Wǒ zuò chuán cóng Měiguó dào Zhōngguó lái.
    I am coming from China to America by airplane.

Wǒ dào huǒchē zhàn qù.
    I am going to the train station.

Wǒ zuò chūzūqichē cóng huǒchēzhàn lái
    I am coming from the train station by taxi.

Wǒ zuò gōnggòngqìchē dào fēijīchǎng qù.
    I go to the airport by bus.

Wǒ zuò chuán dào Běijīng lái.
    I arrive in Peking by boat.