Basics 1 - Good Morning
Look at the Language
1. NI and NIN
The pronoun you, singular, can be spoken as ni or nin in Chinese. Ni is the familiar form, used in speech with close friends, animals or those younger than oneself. Nin connotes respect, used to address an elder, or for politeness, for example in speaking with a new business acquaintance. Nin can also be used as a polite plural form.
Nimen is the familiar plural form.
What's Your Name?
Chinese have a one character family name (last name) and a two character first name. The family name is first:
|Wáng Měi Měi
(King - Handsome)
Wang is the family name, and Mei Mei is the first name. You can ask someone their last name (more formal), or their first name (nin is more polite):
||Qǐng wèn, nín (nǐ) guìxìng?
May I ask, your (honorable family) name?
Qǐng wèn, nín (nǐ) xìng shénmo?
May I ask, (what is) your (family) name?
Wǒ xìng Wáng
My name is Wang.
Qǐng wèn, nínde ( nǐde ) dàmíng shì shénmo?
May I ask, what is your first name?
Qǐnq wèn, nín (nǐ) jìao shénme míngzì?
May I ask, what name are you called?
Wǒ jìao Měi Měi.
My name is Mei Mei.