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  Basics 1 - Good Morning


  Vocabulary


     你好!
   你好嗎?
   很好
   謝謝
   不謝
   再見!
   ...哪裡
   誰?
   為甚麼?
   我叫…
   我姓…
   你叫甚麼名字?
   您貴姓?

   対
   不(対)
   請
   請你幇助我.
   先生
   高先生
   太太
   小姐
   我
   你
   您
   他,她,它
   我們
   你們
   他們, 她們, 它們
   好不好
   我要
   我累了
   我要去
   有沒有
   我餓了
   甚麼時候?
   多少錢?

   這是甚麼東西?
   請問
   對不起
   你說英文嗎?
Nǐ hǎo!
Nǐ hǎo ma?
Hěn hǎo.
Xǐe xie.
Bùxìe.
Zàijìan!
...zài nǎli?
Shúi?
Wei shénme
Wǒ jìao...
Wǒ xìng..
Nǐ jìao shènme míngzi?
Nín guìxìng?

Duì.
Bù (duì)
qǐng
Qǐnq nǐ bāng zhù wǒ.

Xīansheng
Gāo Xīansheng
Tàitai
Xǐaojǐe


nín

wǒmen
nǐmen
tāmen

Hǎo bù hǎo?
Wǒ yào...
Wo lèile.
Wǒ yào qù...
Yǒu meíyǒu...?
Wǒ è le.
Shénme shíhou?
Duōshǎo qían?

Zhè shì shéme dōngxi?
Qǐng wèn...
Duìbùqǐ.
Nǐ shuō yīng wén ma?

Hello
How are you?
Very well
Thank you
You're welcome
Goodbye
Where is...?
Who?
Why?
My name is...
My last name is...
What is your name?

What is your name (polite)
Yes (correct)
No (incorrect)
Please
Please help me.

Mr.
Mr. Gao
Mrs.
Miss
I
you
you (polite)
he, she, it
we
you (plural)
they

O.K.?
I want...
I'm tired.
I want to go to...
Do you have...?
I'm hungry.
When, what time?
How much is it (cost)?
What is this?

May I ask…
Sorry, excuse me.
Do you speak English?


Look at the Language

1. NI and NIN

The pronoun you, singular, can be spoken as ni or nin in Chinese. Ni is the familiar form, used in speech with close friends, animals or those younger than oneself. Nin connotes respect, used to address an elder, or for politeness, for example in speaking with a new business acquaintance. Nin can also be used as a polite plural form.
Nimen is the familiar plural form.

 

What's Your Name?

Chinese have a one character family name (last name) and a two character first name. The family name is first:


王美美
Wáng Měi Měi
(King - Handsome)

Wang is the family name, and Mei Mei is the first name. You can ask someone their last name (more formal), or their first name (nin is more polite):


請問, 您(你)貴姓?


請問, 您(你)姓甚麼?


我姓王.


請問, 您的(你的)大名是甚麼?


請問, 您(你)叫甚麼名字?


我叫美美.

  Qǐng wèn, nín (nǐ) guìxìng?
May I ask, your (honorable family) name?

Qǐng wèn, nín (nǐ) xìng shénmo?
May I ask, (what is) your (family) name?

Wǒ xìng Wáng
My name is Wang.

Qǐng wèn, nínde ( nǐde ) dàmíng shì shénmo?
May I ask, what is your first name?

Qǐnq wèn, nín (nǐ) jìao shénme míngzì?
May I ask, what name are you called?

Wǒ jìao Měi Měi.
My name is Mei Mei.