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  Pinyin Shortcut - ZhuYinFuHao


Chinese
    Phoenetic Alphabet


Zhuyinfuhao


 

If Pinyin is a shortcut to learning how to speak Chinese, Zhuyinfuhao, also known as Bopomofo, is an even more abbreviated learning method. The Taiwanese government developed and promoted this system of learning as its response to the problems of illiteracy and the difficulty of educating the young in Chinese written forms.

In this learning system the syllables of Chinese are reduced to various combinations of 21 initials (consonants or full syllables) and 15 finals (mostly vowels, used as full syllables or in combination with initials).

These thirty-six symbols, once learned, enable one to faithfully reproduce any sound in Chinese, more faithfully than with Pinyin, since there are no pronunciation shortcuts.

Even if one does not recognize the characters, one can phonetically read through them in a book written with this aid. Here is the advantage to learning the spoken language first - reading the Bopomofo, one can recognize sound combinations, and from the sound derive the riming, even if the characters are not recognized.

Consonants

  b p m f
  d t n l
  g k h    
  j q x    
  zh ch sh r
  z c s    

Vowels

  i u ü a
  o e (e)    
  ai ei ao ou
  an en ang    
  eng er (ㄧ) (y)    

 

This phonetic system is sometimes used alongside the traditional characters. Many children's books contain this aid.


 














ㄨㄛˇ
ㄐ一ㄚ
一ㄡˇ
一ˊ
ㄍㄜˋ
ㄒ一ㄠˇ
ㄒ一ㄠˇ
ㄉㄜ˙
ㄩㄢˋ
ㄌㄜ˙

jiā
yǒu


xiǎo
xiǎo
de
yuàn
le
I
family
to have (possess)
one (a)
(measure word)
small
small
(possessive adj.)
(court)yard
(indicates past)

(My family used to have a small backyard.)